Lesson #6: Modals – Speaking Activity

Lesson #6: Modals – Speaking Activity

This ESL lesson targets Modals. Modals include can, could, may, might, maybe, should, have to, prefer, like better, would rather, etc.

This speaking activity evokes natural conversation about real, everyday situations as you move your student(s) through three photographs asking them questions.

Your students will also have a chance to ask other students questions using modals until the class becomes comfortable with this grammatical structure.

Part I: Questions about the Photo – Modals

Lesson #6: Modals - Speaking Activity

Instructions: Teacher asks students questions about the photo.

  1. Will they climb to the top of the hill?
  2. Could they be almost out of breath?
  3. Do you think they ought to take a rest soon?
  4. Shouldn’t they be wearing hats on their heads?
  5. Do they have to bring back packs?
  6. Wouldn’t they be more comfortable wearing pants?
  7. Would they rather walk down the hill?
  8. Do you think they might have water bottles in their back packs?
  9. Could the weather be nicer?
  10. How far must they keep walking?

Part 2: Questions about the Photo – Modals 

Lesson #6: Modals - Speaking Activity

Instructions: Students take turns asking each other questions about the picture below:

Note:  If there is only one student and one teacher, then the teacher continues asking the student the ten questions below.

  1. Do you think they’ll catch a fish?
  2. Shouldn’t the boy be holding the fishing pole?
  3. Who could the man with the hat be? (relationship to the boy)
  4. Do you think the water might be cool or cold?
  5. Are they both able to swim?
  6. Must they have a license to fish here?
  7. Would they prefer to fish from a boat?
  8. Should they have brought a net?
  9. Do you think they might sit on the dock for a while?
  10. Do you think the boy ought to be wearing a life jacket?

Part 3: Questions about the Photo – Modals

ESL Lesson Modals - Camping copy

Instructions: Teacher asks student(s) five questions in a similar context as the photo.

  1. Can you set up a tent by yourself?
  2. Should you bring bug spray when you go camping?
  3. Do you think you might cook outside this summer?
  4. Will the men sleep together in the same tent?
  5. Name 3 things you don’t have to bring on a camping trip.


Instructions: Students take turns asking each other  the five questions in a similar context as the photo.

  1. Will you go camping with friends this summer?
  2. Can you start a campfire without help?
  3. Would you rather sleep in a tent or a cabin?
  4. Could you sleep in a tent alone outdoors?
  5. Name five things you must bring on a camping trip.

Did this lesson engage and inspire your students? Kindly leave a comment below and/or share this lesson.

Lesson #6: Modals – Speaking Activity

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